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Monday, January 17, 2011

Santa Maria Re Post







Here are some images of Artesania Latina's 1/65 scale Santa Maria. Captain C. Columbus last known in command. Formally called the Galician the Santa Maria ran aground on December 24 1492 and thus it's planks were converted into a church. Like the Mayflower the Santa Maria's appearance is subject for conjecture. The woods used for this model were African Walnut, Beechwood, Boxwood and of coarse the ever popular Plywood for the frame.

From Wikipedia"
The Santa Maria de la Inmaculada Concepción, (English: Saint Mary of the Immaculate Conception), was the largest of the three ships used by Christopher Columbus in his first voyage. Her master and owner was Juan de la Cosa.

The Santa Maria was probably a small carrack, about 70 feet long, used as the flagship for the expedition. The other ships of the Columbus expedition were the smaller caravel-type ships Santa Clara, remembered as the Niña ("The Girl") and Pinta ("The Painted" – this might be a reference to excessive makeup). All these ships were second-hand (if not third or more) and were never meant for exploration.

The Santa Maria was originally named La Gallega ("The Galician"), because she was built in Pontevedra, Galicia, in Spain's north-west. It seems the ship was known to her sailors as Marigalante, Spanish for "Gallant Maria". Bartolomé de Las Casas never used La Gallega, Marigalante or Santa Maria in his writings, preferring to use la Capitana or La Nao.

The Santa Maria had a single deck and three masts. She was the slowest of Columbus's vessels but performed well in the Atlantic crossing. She ran aground off the present-day site of Cap Haitien, Haiti on December 25, 1492, and was lost. Realizing that the ship was beyond repair, Columbus ordered his men to strip the timbers from the ship. The timbers from the ship were later used to build Môle Saint-Nicolas, which was originally called La Navidad (Christmas) because the wreck occurred on Christmas Day.

Columbus's crew on the first voyage was not composed of criminals as is widely believed. Many were experienced seamen from the port town of Palos and the surrounding countryside and coastal area of Galicia. It is true, however, that the Spanish sovereigns offered amnesty to convicts who signed up for the voyage, but only four men took up the offer: one who had killed a man in a fight, and three friends of his who had then helped him escape from jail.

There were some crew members from Andalusia, as the voyage was financed by a syndicate of seven noble Genovese bankers resident in Seville (the group was linked to Amerigo Vespucci and funds belonging to Lorenzo di Pier Francesco de Medici). Hence all the accounting and recording of the voyage was kept in Seville. This also applies to the second voyage, even though the syndicate had by then been disbanded. This fact partly debunks the romantic story that the Queen of Spain had used a necklace that she had received from her husband the King, as collateral for a loan.

Of Columbus's four voyages, only the crew of the first voyage is completely known. In many cases, there are no surnames; the men's places of origin are indicated to differentiate crewmen with the same given names.

6 comments:

Pablo J. Álvarez said...

Hello Warren, after the hard work of the past Christmas, I am here again. You are good in all the disciplines...wood also! Great work.

Warren Zoell said...

Thanks Pablo - Welcome back!!

Anonymous said...

......Reminds me of a Trooper song.

Good work on this ship Warren.

Dave

Warren Zoell said...

Thanks Dave - Shades of General Hand Grenade.

Pat Tillett said...

Really nice! any types that you don't do?

Warren Zoell said...

Thanks Pat - I pretty much do it all. As far as display models go anyway.